This force is described in R.P.'s Ein Spiel Karten, 1853, p. 43 of the Pieper translation. There, in “The Non Plus Ultra,” it isn't done with a Hindu Shuffle, but rather a variant overhand shuffle, with the deck turned on end. But the underlying method of forcing the original bottom card is identical.
Carl Shome adapted this force to the Hindu Shuffle in The Sphinx, Vol. 32 No. 7, Sep. 1933, p. 205. This is the force commonly performed today, with the only difference being that the spectator is invited to insert his finger into the deck during the shuffle rather than call out, “Stop!”