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This latex paint formula was invented by Judges Charles W. Fricke and Caryl Fleming, and marketed by Fleming in 1937. However, the idea of using rub-off pips is very old and is described in early conjuring texts, in which pomatum (a sticky ointment) and jet were used for the same purpose. This appears in The Conjuror's Magazine, No. 1, Aug. 1791, p. 83, although it was possibly drawn from an earlier work by Joseph Pinetti or elsewhere.