While the idea of openly marking the values and suits on the backs of cards is generally attributed to Ted Lesley, who used white press-on lettering on the backs of the cards, Page Wright suggested using a typewriter on a blue-backed deck to do the same job. This is mentioned by Fred Braue in the Hugard's Magic Monthly, Vol. 5 No. 6, Nov. 1947, p. 370. Braue begins the note with “Out of the Past,” which may suggest Wright published this idea somewhere earlier.