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While the idea of openly marking the values and suits on the backs of cards is generally attributed to Ted Lesley, who used white press-on lettering on the backs of the cards, Page Wright suggested using a typewriter on a blue-backed deck to do the same job. This is mentioned by Fred Braue in the Nov. 1947 issue of Hugard's Magic Monthly (Vol. V, No. 6, p. 370). Braue begins the note with “Out of the Past”, which may suggest Wright published this idea somewhere earlier.